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In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-Tumor Effects of Gemcitabine Loaded with a New Drug Delivery System

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Abstract:

In recent years, much attention has been given to liposomal formulation as an efficient drug loading system (DDS) in chemotherapy of cancer. In this study, the advantages of magnetic nanoparticles and Polyethylene Glyco (PEG) materials were considered to synthesize magnetic gemcitabine long-circulating liposomes (MGLL) and the potential of MGLL as a brand new delivery system was evaluated. MGLL was prepared using the reverse-phase evaporation method. In the optimized preparation, MGLL had an average diameter of 201 nm with a narrow size distribution measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS), which could be easily dispersed in ultrapure water under a stable state for 90 days. The encapsulation efficiency of gemcitabine in MGLL reached 87.2% as determined by HPLC. In vitro MTT assay showed that MGLL had significant cytotoxicity to MCF-7 cells compared with the conventional modalities. In vivo, the inhibition of tumor growth in MGLL group was more remarkable than that of other groups (P < 0.05). In conclusion, MGLL under optimized condition could be used as an effective carrier for tumor-targeted therapy.

Keywords: BREAST CANCER; GEMCITABINE; LIPOSOME; LONG-CIRCULATING; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; TARGETED DELIVERY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3804

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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