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Deposition of Silver Nanoparticles on Dendrimer Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity

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The nanohybrids composed of silver nanoparticles and aromatic polyamide functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is successfully synthesized and tested for their antibacterial activity against different pathogens. Prior to deposition of silver nanoparticles, acid treated MWCNTs (MWCNTs-COOH) were successively reacted with p-phenylenediamine and methylmethacrylate to form series of NH2-terminated aromatic polyamide dendrimers on the surface of MWCNTs through Michael addition and amidation. Existence of high abundance of amine groups on the surface of functionalized MWCNTs (f-MWCNTs) provided sites for formation of silver nanoparticles by the reduction of aqueous solution of AgNO3. The silver nanoparticles formed in the resulted f-MWCNTs-Ag nanohybrids were determined to be face centered cubic (fcc) symmetry. The structure and nature of f-MWCNTs and f-MWCNTs-Ag nanohybrids were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The dispersion state of f-MWCNTs and immobilization of silver nanoparticles on the surface of f-MWCNTs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Elemental composition of f-MWCNTs-Ag nanohybrids was determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The antimicrobial activity of f-MWCNTs-Ag nanohybrids were estimated against E. coli, P. aeruginosa and S. aureu and compared with MWCNTs-COOH and f-MWCNTs. The results indicate that functionalization of MWCNTs with aromatic polyamide dendrimers and successive deposition of Ag nanoparticles could play an important role in the enhancement of antimicrobial activity.
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Keywords: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; CARBON NANOTUBES; DENDRIMER; FUNCTIONALIZATION; SILVER NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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