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Simple and Selective Sensing of Cysteine Using Gold Nanoparticles Modified by Ruthenium(II) Complexes

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A simple and selective luminescence sensing method for the cysteine detection was developed based on gold nanoparticles modified by the new ruthenium(II) complexes. The intense emission of the modified ruthenium(II) complexes was quenched efficiently by gold nanoparticles due to the energy and charge transfer between the ruthenium(II) fluorophores and gold nanoparticles. Upon addition of cysteine, the emission of the ruthenium(II) complexes was enhanced significantly by the release of the ruthenium(II) complexes from the surface of the gold nanoparticles. Therefore, cysteine could be detected by this gold nanoparticles-ruthenium(II) complexes based probes. The synthesis of gold nanoparticles and the modification based fluorophores probed could be accomplished successfully within one step, which simplified the preparation of luminescence sensors. Moreover, since metal-to-ligand charge transfer transition (3MLCT) emission band of the ruthenium(II) complexes was in the visible region, this approach was available for biomolecular sensing applications, and its relatively long life time made it suitable for the biological process studies.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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