Silsesquioxane as a New Building Block Material for Modified Electrodes Fabrication and Application as Neurotransmitters Sensors
Abstract:Nanostructured films comprising a 3-n-propylpyridinium silsesquioxane polymer (designated as SiPy+Cl−) and copper (II) tetrasulfophthalocyanine (CuTsPc) were produced using the Layer-by-Layer technique (LbL). To our knowledge this is the first report on the use of silsesquioxane derivative polymers as building blocks for nanostructured thin films fabrication. Deposition of the multilayers were monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy revealing the linear increment in the absorbance of the Q-band from CuTsPc at 617 nm with the number of SiPy+Cl−/CuTsPc or CuTsPc/SiPy+Cl− bilayers. FTIR analyses showed that specific interactions between SiPy+Cl− and CuTsPc occurred between SO−3 groups of tetrasulfophthalocyanine and the pyridinium groups of the polycation. Morphological studies were carried out using the AFM technique, which showed that the roughness and thickness of the films increase with the number of bilayers. The films displayed electroactivity and were employed to detection of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) using cyclic voltammetry, at concentrations ranging from 1.96 × 10−4 to 1.31 ×10−3 molL−1. The number and the sequence of bilayers deposition influenced the electrochemical response in presence of DA and AA. Using differential pulse technique, films comprising SiPy+/CuTsPc were able to distinguish between DA and ascorbic acid (AA), with a potential difference of approximately with 500 mV, in the concentration range of 9.0 × 10−5 to 2.0 × 10−4 molL−1, in pH 3.0.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-04-01
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