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Profiling of Cucumber Mosaic Virus Responsive mRNAs in Tomato Using Paraflo Microfluidics Microarrays

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Abstract:

Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is widely spread worldwide, causing typical systemic mosaic and other symptoms in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Host responses to CMV and molecular mechanisms associated with the development of disease symptoms caused by this virus in tomato are largely unexplored. To investigate plant responses activated during this interaction, we used microarray analysis to monitor changes in host gene expression during disease development. Compared with genes from mock-inoculated control plants, seedlings to adults, 214 of the 3313 tomato genes represented on the array were differentially expressed in CMV-infected plants. Functional classification of CMV-responsive genes revealed that CMV activated typical basal defense responses in the host during the infection process, including induction of defense-related genes, production and scavenging of free oxygen radicals, and hormone synthesis. CMV infection also suppressed a subset of host genes involved in photosynthesis and metabolism. Our results indicate that a wide range of genes play an important role in regulation of the tomato susceptibility response to CMV.

Keywords: CUCUMBER MOSAIC VIRUS; DISEASE DEVELOPMENT; GENE REGULATION; MICROARRAY; TOMATO

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3860

Publication date: 2011-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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