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Efficient Wet Etching of GaN (0001) Substrate with Subsurface Damage Layer

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Abstract:

Photoenhanced chemical (PEC) etching is applicable for processing an n-GaN (0001) surface rapidly. In this process, the surface oxidation is enhanced by photo-generated holes and the resulting oxide can dissolve into solutions. In current work, we conduct bias-assisted PEC etching in a KOH solution with a positively biased wafer, to remove the crystallographically highly damaged layer. The employed substrate was mechanically polished with diamond slurry of sub-micrometer particle size. Without the positive bias, the rate of PEC etching was quite low because the photogenerated holes were quickly depleted by the recombination process at the crystallographic defects and they could not contribute to the oxidation. On the other hand, in the case where the bias was applied, the photogenerated holes and electrons are separated forcibly in the band-bended surface, which effectively contributed to surface oxidation. As a result, a high removal rate was realized even on the damaged surface.

Keywords: BIAS; GALLIUM NITRIDE; PEC ETCHING; PHOTOENHANCED CHEMICAL ETCHING; POLISHING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3897

Publication date: 2011-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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