Study of Magnetic and Electrical Properties of Nanocrystalline Mn Doped NiO

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Abstract:

Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors (DMS) are intensively explored in recent years for its applications in spintronics, which is expected to revolutionize the present day information technology. Nanocrystalline Mn doped NiO samples were prepared using chemical co-precipitation method with an aim to realize room temperature ferromagnetism. Phase formation of the samples was studied using X-ray diffraction—Rietveld analysis. Scanning electron microscopy and Energy dispersive X-ray analysis results reveal the nanocrystalline nature of the samples, agglomeration of the particles, considerable particle size distribution and the near stoichiometry. Thermomagnetic curves confirm the single-phase formation of the samples up to 1% doping of Mn. Vibrating Sample Magnetometer measurements indicate the absence of ferromagnetism at room temperature. This may be due to the low concentration of Mn2+ ions having weak indirect coupling with Ni2+ ions. The lack of free carriers is also expected to be the reason for the absence of ferromagnetism, which is in agreement with the results of resistivity measurements using impedance spectroscopy. Arrhenius plot shows the presence of two thermally activated regions and the activation energy for the nanocrystalline Mn doped sample was found to be greater than that of undoped NiO. This is attributed to the doping effect of Mn. However, the dielectric constant of the samples was found to be of the same order of magnitude very much comparable with that of undoped NiO.

Keywords: CHEMICAL METHOD; MAGNETISM; MN-DOPED; NIO; OXIDE SEMICONDUCTORS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.2721

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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