Fusion of Porous Isotactic Poly(methyl methacrylate) Thin Films Fabricated on Silica Nanoparticles with Stepwise Stereocomplex Assembly
Structures of silica nanoparticles coated with stereocomplex thin films composed of isotactic (it) poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and syndiotactic (st) poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) and with porous it-PMMA thin films under gentle stirring or static conditions were analyzed by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The porous it-PMMA films were fabricated by stepwise stereocomplex assembling of it-PMMA and st-PMAA, and subsequent extraction of the st-PMAA from the films. From DLS results, an evident difference was not observed between the it-PMMA films and the stereocomplex films, whereas the it-PMMA films after 10 h of stirring in acetonitrile/water (4/6, v/v) and drying on a SEM stage fused to form nanostructured networks. The fusion of the it-PMMA films on the silica nanoparticles occurred not by the dissolution of it-PMMA in the mixed solvent, but rather by an interaction of the it-PMMA chains driven by the slight solvation of acetonitrile without dissolution. Thus, leaving the solution at rest would be important for film fusion on the particles, and multiple spherical substrates could promote the crosslinking of the it-PMMA chains on the particles.
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Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: 2011-03-01
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