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Synthesis of Nano-Hematite for Possible Use in Sunscreens

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Hematite nanoparticles were synthesized for ultraviolet filtration application by the precipitation method followed by calcination at different temperatures. A range of crystallite sizes between 37 and 85 nm (as determined by the Scherrer formula) was obtained, according to the temperature used for the calcination. An increase in the absorbance with increasing crystallite size was observed over the whole ultraviolet B and A range. The experimental band gap was 2.94 eV for the sample calcined at 500 °C and 3.08 eV for the sample calcined at 300 °C. The in vitro sun protection factor and protection factor-ultraviolet A of a water-in-oil emulsion made with the sample calcined at 500 °C as active ingredient were 9.21 and 8.81, respectively, which is higher than the protection factor-ultraviolet A values obtained for titanium dioxide and zinc oxide at the same mass concentration. The emulsion was found to be photostable.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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