AC-Conductance and Capacitance Measurements for Ethanol Vapor Detection Using Carbon Nanotube-Polyvinyl Alcohol Composite Based Devices
Authors: Greenshields, Márcia W.C.C.; Meruvia, Michelle S.; Hümmelgen, Ivo A.; Coville, Neil J.; Mhlanga, Sabelo D.; Ceragioli, Helder J.; Rojas Quispe, Jose C.; Baranauskas, Vitor
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 11, Number 3, March 2011 , pp. 2384-2388(5)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:We report the preparation of inexpensive ethanol sensor devices using multiwalled carbon nanotube-polyvinyl alcohol composite films deposited onto interdigitated electrodes patterned on phenolite substrates. We investigate the frequency dependent response of the device conductance and capacitance showing that higher sensitivity is obtained at higher frequency if the conductance is used as sensing parameter. In the case of capacitance measurements, higher sensitivity is obtained at low frequency. Ethanol detection at a concentration of 300 ppm in air is demonstrated. More than 80% of the sensor conductance and capacitance variation response occurs in less than 20 s.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2011-03-01
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