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Absence of Exchange Interaction Between Localized Magnetic Moments and Conduction-Electrons in Magnetic Ions Diluted in Ag-Nanoparticles

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The Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) of diluted magnetic ions (MI) of Er3+, Yb3+ and Mn2+ in Ag nanoparticles (NPs) is reported. Monodisperse samples of Ag NPs doped with these MI were synthesized by reducing silver nitrate and MI-oxides. This simple method can be extended to all rare-earths. The measurements of the g-values and hyperfine splittings indicates that the MI are located at cubic sites in the Ag:MI NPs. The ESR spectra show that there is no g-shift and Korringa-relaxation due to the exchange interaction between the MI and the conduction electrons, suggesting that the exchange interaction is absent in the Ag:MI NPs. Thus, the nature of this interaction needs to be reexamined at the nanoscale range.
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Keywords: AG-NANOPARTICLES; CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS METHODS; ESR; MAGNETISM; NANOCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS; QUENCHING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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