Production of Silver Ions from Colloidal Silver by Nanoparticle Iontophoresis System
Metal ions, especially the silver ion, were used to treat infection before the initiation of antibiotic therapy. Unfortunately, there is a lack of research on the metallic nanoparticle suspension as a reservoir for metal ion release application. For medical purposes, conversion of colloidal silver into an ionic form is necessary, but not using silver salts (e.g., AgNO3, Ag2SO4, due to the fact that the counter-ion of silver salts may cause problems to the body as the silver ion (Ag+ is consumed. The goal of this research is to develop a silver nanoparticle iontophoresis system (NIS) which can provide a relatively safe bactericidal silver ion solution with a controllable electric field. In this study, ion-selective electrodes were used to identify and observe details of the system's activity. Both qualitative and quantitative data analyses were performed. The experimental results show that the ion releasing peak time (RPT) has an inversely proportional relationship with the applied current and voltage. The ion releasing maximum level (RML) and dosage (RD) are proportional to the current density and inversely proportional to the voltage, respectively. These results reveal that the nanoparticle iontophoresis system (NIS) is an alternative method for the controlled release of a metal ion and the ion's concentration profile, by controlling the magnitude of current density (1 A/cm2 equal to 1 ppm/hour) and applied voltage.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-03-01
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