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Effect of Different Forms of Anionic Nanoclays on Cytotoxicity

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Abstract:

Anionic nanoclays, so-called layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticles, have been extensively applied as drug delivery systems, since they efficiently enter cells via endocytosis pathway and possess controlled release property. However, the stability of LDHs varies, depending on the type of interlayer anions, which can also affect their toxicity. In this study, we investigated the effects of two different forms of LDH, carbonate form (MgAl-LDH-CO3) and chloride form (MgAl-LDH-Cl), on cytotoxicity in human lung epithelial cells. The result showed that MgAl-LDH-Cl was more easily dissolved into metal ions under simulated lysosomal (pH 4.5) and body fluid (pH 7.4) conditions than did MgAl-LDH-CO3. According to cytotoxicity evaluation, MgAl-LDH-CO3 exhibited high toxicity compared with MgAl-LDH-Cl in terms of induction of oxidative stress, apoptosis and membrane damage. These results suggest that easily dissoluble MgAl-LDH-Cl has low cytotoxicity, while high stability of MgAl-LDH-CO3 is correlated to elevated cytotoxicity.

Keywords: ANIONIC NANOCLAYS; CARBONATE FORM; CHLORIDE FORM; CYTOTOXICITY; STABILITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3408

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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