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Size Effect in Ni-Coated TiC Particles for Metal Matrix Composites

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Nickel (Ni) particles have been coated on the surface of titanium carbide (TiC) particles to enhance the dispersion of TiC particles into a molten metal and to achieve an improvement in the mechanical and thermal properties of the metal matrix. The adhesion of Ni particles on the surface of TiC particles is induced by the attractive force between the TiC with a negative charge and the Ni cation in an aqueous solution. The powders prepared with the relatively large particle sizes of 1, 4, and 40 μm show both TiC and Ni phases, whereas that prepared with a particle size of 0.02 μm shows complex phases of Ni, TiC, and TiO2 (titanium dioxide). The TiO2 phase is caused by the oxidation reaction between the TiC and oxygen. The 1 μm powder shows that the Ni is located only around the TiC without any self-aggregation and the TiC and Ni particles are isolated in the 4 and 40 μm powders, as confirmed in TEM images. The particle size is the essential factor in fabricating highly efficient Ni-coated TiC particles for metal matrix composites.
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Keywords: COATING; DISPERSION; MECHANICAL PROPERTY; TITANIUM CARBIDE (TIC)

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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