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Adsorption and Thermo Desorption Characteristics of Hydrocarbons on Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

We investigated the heterogeneous adsorption and thermal desorption behaviors of acetone, n-hexane and trichloroethylene (TCE) on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Adsorption isotherms for selected molecules on SWCNTs were measured using a quartz spring balance at temperatures ranging from 303.15 to 323.15 K. Thermal gravimetric desorption experiments were also conducted at different heating rates (2–10 K/min) to obtain information about the interaction strength of hydrocarbons with SWCNTs surfaces. The adsorption isotherm data were analyzed successfully with the temperature dependent Toth equation. To obtain the adsorption and desorption energy distribution functions (AED/DED) for hydrocarbons and nitrogen, the integral equation with Fowler-Guggenheim isotherm (for AED) and first order desorption rate equation (for DED) were solved using the generalized nonlinear regularization method. It was found that Henry's constants, the isosteric heats of adsorption, and the pattern of energy distribution function were highly dependent on the polarizability.

Keywords: ADSORPTION; ENERGY DISTRIBUTION; SINGLE WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE; THERMO DESORPTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3308

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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