In-Situ Detection of C-Reactive Protein Using Silicon Nanowire Field Effect Transistor

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Abstract:

Label-free, sensitive, and real-time c-reactive protein (CRP) sensor was fabricated using p-type silicon nanowire (SiNW) based structures configured as field effect transistors (FET) using the conventional 'top-down' semiconductor processes. The width of SiNWs were distributed 80 nm to 400 nm. Among them to improve signal-to-noise ratio and sensitivity of SiNW FET, 221 nm-SiNW was chosen for biosensing of CRP. Antibody of c-reactive protein (anti-CRP) was immobilized on the SiNW surface through polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic channel for detection of CRP. Specific binding of CRP with anti-CRP on the SiNW surface caused a conductance change of SiNW FET and various injections from 10 and 1 g/ml to 100 ng/ml solutions of CRP resulted in the conductance changes from 39 and 25 to 16%, respectively. Label-free, in-situ and very sensitive electrical detection of CRP was demonstrated with the prepared SiNW FET.

Keywords: BIOSENSOR; C-REACTIVE PROTEIN; LABEL-FREE; REAL-TIME; SILICON NANOWIRE FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR; TOP-DOWN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3417

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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