Modeling and Optimization of Electrospun Polyvinylacetate (PVAc) Nanofibers by Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Authors: Park, Ju-Young; Shim, Wang-Geun; Lee, In-Hwa

Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 11, Number 2, February 2011 , pp. 1359-1363(5)

Publisher: American Scientific Publishers

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Abstract:

Response surface methodology (RSM), a collection of statistical and mathematical techniques, has been widely used to optimize and design operating conditions. Although this method is suitable for optimizing experimental conditions, very few attempts have been made on the electrospinning process. In this work, RSM was used to model and optimize of the electrospinning parameters for polyvinylacetate (PVAc) nanofibers. PVAc solution in acetone was electrospun under various conditions such as concentration of spinning solution and applied voltage. The experimental results indicate that concentrations of solution and applied voltage played an important role on the diameter size of PVAc nanofibers. The second order polynomial function was used to correlate the fiber diameter with the production variables. The predicted fiber diameters were in good agreement with the experimental results.

Keywords: ELECTROSPUN; PVAC NANOFIBERS; RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3420

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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