Shape Dependence of Gold Nanoparticles on In Vivo Acute Toxicological Effects and Biodistribution

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Abstract:

The toxicity and biodistribution in vivo of various morphologies of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) were studied by using KM mice. The quantitative analysis of Au in each tissue of mice was done by using the Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Sphere-shaped AuNPs displayed the best biocompatibility, compared with rod- and cube-shaped of AuNPs, and rod-shaped AuNPs was more toxic than cube-shaped AuNPs. in vivo biodistribution study revealed all AuNPs were preferentially accumulated in organ of liver and spleen. The findings from this study thus revealed that the toxicity and biodistribution in vivo of AuNPs are shape dependent.

Keywords: AU NANOPARTICLES; BIODISTRIBUTION; IN VIVO; TOXICITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3094

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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