Preparation and Characterization of Vanadium-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles for Environmental Application

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Abstract:

Vanadium-doped ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO:V) were prepared via flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) from a mixed aqueous solution of zinc hydroxide and vanadyl (IV) acetylacetonate. The morphological, structural and optical properties of the ZnO:V photocatalyst were characterized via transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and UV-visible diffused reflection spectrum (DRS). The photocatalytic activity of ZnO:V was evaluated via photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB). The results showed that the hexagonal wurtzite-structured ZnO:V nanoparticles were successfully synthesized via FSP. The morphology of the as-prepared nanoparticles was polyhedral and non-hollow. The average diameter of ZnO:V, which was calculated from BET result, was 11.7 nm when the molar ratio of V/Zn was 0.1. The maximum decomposition of MB by the ZnO:V nanoparticles was 99.4% after 180 min under UV irradiation, whereas the decomposition of MB by the pure ZnO nanoparticles was 96.6%.

Keywords: FLAME SPRAY PYROLYSIS; METHYLENE BLUE DECOMPOSITION; PHOTOCATALYST; V-DOPED ZNO NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3230

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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