Photoresist lithography has been applied to the fabrication of micro/nano devices, such as microfluidic structures, quantum dots, and photonic devices, in MEMS (micro-electro mechanical systems) and NEMS (nano-electro-mechanical systems). In particular, nano devices can be expected to present different physical phenomena due to their three-dimensional (3D) structure. The flexible 3D micro/nano fabrication technique and its process simulation have become among the major topics needed to understand nano-mechanical phenomena. For this purpose, the moving-mask technology and the lithography processes for the positive- and negative-tone photoresists were modeled. The validity of the simulation of the proposed 3D nano/microstructuring was successfully confirmed by comparing the experiment results and the simulated results. Hence, the developed model and the simulation can present and optimize photoresist characteristics and lithography process conditions due to the various 3D nano/microstructures. They could be help in the understanding of nanomaterial and mechanical phenomena.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.