Reported herein are the effects of the fabrication variables and surface capping of nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) on the characteristics of NQDs-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The molecular weight of the hole transport layer (HTL) material and the annealing conditions of the NQDs layer were chosen as fabrication process variables. Their effects on the layer characteristics and device efficiency were characterized. The maximum brightness varied over 50% according to the molecular weight of the HTL material. The optimized annealing temperature was shown to improve the maximum brightness by 20%. The surface-capping molecules of the NQDs were changed from conventional trioctyl phosphine/trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO/TOP) to pyridine and were incorporated into LEDs, and its effects on the device characteristics were discussed.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.