Characterization of a Bacterial Self-Assembly Surface Layer Protein and Its Application as an Electrical Nanobiosensor

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Bacterial cell surface layers (S-layers) are one of the most common outermost cell envelope components of prokaryotic organisms (Archaea and bacteria), which can self-assemble into two-dimensional (2D) crystalline arrays. Production and characterization of the bacterial S-layer protein (SLP) from Geobacillus stearothermophilus, a thermophilic bacterium, are demonstrated in this study. Based on this, purified SLPs were applied for wrapping around single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and applying as electrochemical sensing tools. For the large scale production of SLP, fed-batch culture of G. stearothermophilus was carried out by DO-stat strategy. Purified SLPs were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). After recrystallization of purified SLPs with gold colloids, the formation of two-dimensional (2D) oblique lattice was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Metallic or near metallic characteristics of CNTs were measured by current–voltage (IV) analyzer. By high-cell density cultivation, cells grew to 10 g/l of dry cell weight in 65 h and the S-layer contents were achieved up to 40% of total proteins. The SLPs were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity and the molecular mass was estimated to be about 105 kDa. The purified SLPs were self-assembled and confirmed their hexagonal symmetry lattice structure. The SLP subunits were cross-linked to each other and to the underlying CNTs by non-covalent interaction, which was caused to change the electric current between natural CNTs and SLP-wrapped CNTs. One-dimensional structure and large aspect ratio of the functionalized CNTs may allow effective targeting of biomolecules by specific binding, such as protein–protein, DNA–DNA, and protein-ligand interaction. Bacterial SLP could be used as a biological template for immobilization molecular array, and provides new approaches for nanoelectronic biosensor applications.
More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more