Sepiocite, a synthetic sepiolite-like nanoclay, was derived from hydrotalcite-like Mg2Al(CO3)0.5-layered double hydroxide (LDH) under phase transformation at 270±3 °C. The crystal structure of sepiocite is conceptually very similar to that of sepiolite derived from montmorillonite clay because sepiocite is formed through the alternation of the blocks and tunnels along the crystallographic c-axis, with a partial dehydroxylation of the octahedral Mg–(OH)–Al configuration into tetrahedral ones. Three important findings regarding sepiocite were arrived at: (i) its high specific surface area of 128.25 m2/g with an average particle size of 200 nm, which is ≈3.5 times larger than the specific surface area of the pristine LDH (34.21 m2/g); (ii) its non-swelling property; and (iii) its strongly reduced anion-exchange capacity.
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