Microfluidic channels have received much attention because they can be used to control and transport nanoscale objects such as nanoparticles, nanowires, carbon nanotubes, DNA and cells. However, so far, practical channels have not been easy to design because they require very expensive fabrication and sensitive experiments. Numerical approaches can be alternatives or supplementary measures to predict the performance of new channels because they efficiently explain nanoscale multi-physics phenomena and successfully solve nanowire alignment and cell adhesion problems. In this paper, a newly updated immersed finite element method that accounts for collision force and Brownian motion as well as fluid-solid interaction is proposed, and is applied to simulate nanoparticle movements in a microfluidic channel. As part of the simulation, Brownian motion effects in a single nanoparticle focusing lens system are examined under different temperature conditions, and the resulting transport efficiencies are discussed. Furthermore, nanoparticle movements in a double focusing lens system are predicted to show the enhancement of focusing efficiency.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.