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Application of Nanoporous Silicon for a Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Visible Light Photodetector

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In this paper we present a study on the application of nanoporous silicon to an optoelectronic device called a nanoporous silicon metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) visible light photodetector. This device was fabricated on a nanoporous silicon layer which was formed by electrochemical etching of a silicon wafer in a hydrofluoric acid solution under various anodization conditions such as the resistivity of the silicon wafer, current density, concentration of the hydrofluoric acid solution and anodization time. The structure of this device has two square Al/nanoporous silicon Schottky-barrier junctions on the silicon substrate and the electrode spacing is 500 μm. The experiment will study photoresponse and the response time of a nanoporous silicon MSM photodetector which was fabricated on the various porosity of a nanoporous silicon layer. It is found that when devices are fabricated on a higher porosity nanoporous silicon layer, the photoresponse of the device will expand toward the short-wavelength and the bandwidth of the spectrum response will cover visible light. In addition, it is found that the response time of the device decreases.
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Keywords: ANODIZATION; METAL-SEMICONDUCTOR-METAL PHOTODETECTOR; NANOPOROUS SILICON

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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