Controlled Synthesis and Characterization of ZnSe Quantum Dots
Adopting improved metal-organic "Green method," Colloidal ZnSe quantum dots were synthesized by using cheap and low toxic zinc oxide (ZnO) in an organic solvent system of 1-hexadecylamine (HDA), lauric acid (LA) and tri-n-octylphosphine (TOP). The effects of HDA dosage, injection temperature, growth temperature and time on the microstructure and optical properties of ZnSe were studied by means of X-Ray diffraction(XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), spectrofluorometers and ultraviolet spectrophotometer, respectively. The results showed that ZnSe quantum dots with the best range of the size evolution were obtained under the condition of injection at 280 °C and growth at 240 °C by choosing the optimal parameters of ZnO:HDA:LA = 1:2.1:5.2 and TOPSe = 1 mol/L. Its size became larger and the emission peak shifted obviously to red with increasing the growth time. Meanwhile, the obtained ZnSe was of the wurtzite structure, had good uniformity and fluorescent characteristics.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-11-01
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