Structure, Photoluminescence and Wettability Properties of Well Arrayed ZnO Nanowires Grown by Hydrothermal Method
Authors: Gong, Maogang; Xu, Xiaoliang; Yang, Zhou; Liu, Yansong; Lv, Haifei; Liu, Ling
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 10, Number 11, November 2010 , pp. 7762-7765(4)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:Well aligned ZnO nanowire arrays with high crystal quality were grown on Si substrates at a low temperature (50 °C) by hydrothermal method using a pre-formed ZnO seed layer. ZnO seeds were prepared via radio-frequency magnetron sputtering onto Si substrates. The morphologies of the ZnO nanowire arrays were shown by field emission scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction spectra showed that the full width at the half maximum of the (0002) peak of the nanowire arrays without any heat treatment was only 0.07°, indicating very high crystal quality. Furthermore, the room-temperature photoluminescence spectra of the ZnO nanowire arrays exhibited excellent UV emission. The special micro/nano surface structure of the ZnO nanowire arrays can enhance the dewettability for surfaces modified via low surface energy materials such as long chain fluorinated organic compounds. The surface of the ZnO nanowire arrays is also found to be superhydrophobic with a contact angle of 165±1°, while the sliding angle is 3°.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-11-01
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