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One-Pot Synthesis of Porous Hematite Hollow Microspheres and Their Application in Water Treatment

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Abstract:

α-Fe2O3 hollow micospheres have been successfully synthesized by solvothermal method at 200 °C. The synthesized products are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm technique. The α-Fe2O3 hollow microspheres have an average diameter of 2–3 m, the shell consists of numerous aligned nanorods with length of about 200–400 nm. The effects of solvent and reaction time have been studied. The Ostwald ripening mechanism is proposed to account for the formation of α-Fe2O3 hollow microspheres. Because of the porous hollow microstructure and large specific surface area, the microspheres were found to be effective sorbents for the removal of Cr(VI) ions from wastewater.

Keywords: CHROMIUM(VI) REMOVAL; HEMATITE; HOLLOW MICROSPHERES; SOLVOTHERMAL SYNTHESIS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2795

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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