Bioactive Electrospun Silver Nanoparticles-Containing Polyurethane Nanofibers as Wound Dressings
Abstract:Nanofibrous membrane (NFM) intended as wound dressing was prepared by electrospinning polyurethane (PU) solution containing silver ion, followed by reduction of silver ion to silver nanoparticles. The electrospun PU membrane has high surface area-to-volume ratio, controlled evaporative water transmission rate, good fluid drainage ability, and excellent antimicrobial activity. With an aim to promote wound healing, collagen was grafted to fiber surface by low temperature oxygen plasma treatment, which could improve surface hydrophilicity and facilitate covalent binding of collagen molecules to the plasma-treated PU surface. A NFM with no bead formation was obtained with fiber diameters around 159 nm. The presence of embedded silver nanoparticles and surface-grafted collagen was confirmed qualitatively and quantitatively. After modification, the NFM's antimicrobial activity improved to ∼100% inhibition of bacterial growth with concomitant increase of membrane water absorption ability, which facilitates its use as a functional wound dressing. From animal studies, the NFM was better than gauze and commercial collagen sponge wound dressing in wound healing rate.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2010
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- Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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