Ag–Si Co-Doped TiO2 Photocatalyst Synthesized via a Nonaqueous Method
Ag–Si/TiO2 photocatalysts were synthesized in a nonaqueous system at 140 °C, and then annealed at different temperatures. The obtained photocatalysts were characterized by XRD, TEM, BET, TG-DTA, XPS, as well as UV-vis DRS. The results showed that All Ag–Si/TiO2 held an anatase phase and high thermal stability and the phase transformation from anatase to rutile was retarded to about 900 °C. The Ag–Si/TiO2 particles were highly mono-dispersed and the particles size became smaller compared to TiO2. Additionally, UV-vis light absorption shifted to visible region after Ag doping. Si weaved into the matrix of TiO2, while Ag dispersed on the surface of TiO2 particles. The visible light photocatalytic activity was evaluated by Rhodamine B (RhB) degradation in an aqueous solution under visible light irradiation. It was found that the photccatalytic activities of the obtained Ag–Si/TiO2 samples were all higher than those of pure TiO2 and Ag/TiO2, reaching the maximum at the Ag and Si content of 0.5 mol% and 20.0 mol%, respectively. The enhanced visible photocatalytic activity may be attributed to the simultaneous effects of silver and silicon co-doping.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-11-01
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