Optimization of Zero-Reference Grating Considering Tip Distortions for Scanning Probe Microscopy Drift Measurement
Abstract:A nonperiodic grating composed of unevenly distributed step elements on a flat substrate can serve as the calibration grating for scanning probe microscopy (SPM) drift measurements. The grating named zero-reference grating (ZRG) is characterized by the number of step elementst, the number of total grating elements n and the maximum correlation peak contrast D. To optimize the ZRG structures considering tip distortions in SPM images, mathematical morphology and genetic algorithms are adopted. Results show that the optimal step elements tend to distribute orderly under the influence of large tip radius and the contrast D decreases with the increase of tip radius when t ≤ n/2. On the contrary, the optimal ZRG structures and the contrast D are insensitive to tip distortions when t > n/2. These differences can be interpreted by the effective code mechanism due to tip dilation. For quantitative drift measurements, the parameter tis suggested to be larger than n/2 since the performances of such optimal ZRGs are more robust to tip distortions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-11-01
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