Enhanced Hydrogen Production on Porous TiO2 Nanotube Arrays

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Well aligned TiO2 nanotube arrays have been synthesized via anodization in an NH4F and ethylene glycol electrolyte; the resulting carbon-entrained films were treated by oxygen and argon microwave plasma. It was found that as-prepared amorphous TiO2 nanotubes can be easily crystallized into anatase at temperature lower than 150 °C. Carbon can be effectively eliminated in oxygen plasma and a new secondary porosity was emerged. It was found such a porous film has obvious photovoltaic and hydrogen production enhancement under simulated solar irradiation compared with that crystallized in inert argon plasma. This phenomenon may be attributed to the improvement of light adsorption and its excellent capability of hole–electron separation derives from highly ordered nanoporous configurations.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2765

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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