Degenerate Multi-Photon Properties of Spirofluorene Derivatives

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Two- and three-photon absorption properties of the fluorene-based chromophores have been investigated. The two- and three-photon absorption cross-section are found to be increased with the strength of the electron donor groups in the order of N-ethylcarbazoyl (1), triphenylamino (2), and N,N-dibutylanilino (3) groups. This nonlinear absorption enhancement can be interpreted by the increase of intramolecular charge transfer facilitated by strong electron donors and the decreased detuning energy (ΔE). Furthermore, direct laser microfabrication by two-photon photopolymerization with compound 2 as a two-photon sensitizer was carried out. Laser exposure time-dependent lateral voxel size has also been studied.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: October 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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