PSS Resin-Fortified Polythiophene Nanoparticles for Highly Transparent Conducting Films
Abstract:Polythiophene/poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) (PT/PSS) composite nanoparticles having different particle size were prepared by Fe3+-catalyzed oxidative polymerization in aqueous medium. This facile method includes a FeCl3/H2O2 (catalyst/oxidant) combination system, which guarantees a high conversion (more than 95%) of thiophene monomers in various concentration of poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) with only a trace of FeCl3. Particle size of PT/PSS composite nanoparticles decreased from 134 nm to 26 nm as the concentration of PSS and H2O2 increased, and which was confirmed by SEM and CHDF analyses. The poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film coated with PT/PSS was transparent and showed a high conductivity in a dried state. The sheet resistivity decreased as the ratio of PT to PSS increased. Photoluminescence property of the PT/PSS composite nanoparticles was also investigated.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2010
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