Skip to main content

One-Step Synthesis of MoO3 and MoO3−x Nanostructures by Condensation in Gas: Effect of the Carrier Gas

Buy Article:

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

MoO3 and MoO3−x nanostructures were grown in a simple one-step process by direct evaporation of MoO3 pellets from a tungsten resistive source in presence of helium or hydrogen at pressures from 100 to 1200 Pa. This method uses no templates, catalysts or oxidizing agents. It leads to one dimensional (1-D) crystalline nanostructures mixed with amorphous material in variable ratios. Amorphous structures grew preferentially when hydrogen was used as carrier gas while crystalline material predominated when helium was used. In fact, only crystalline structures were found when the evaporation was carried out under a helium pressure of 600 Pa with source temperatures between 763 and 910 °C. Hydrated MoO3 phases with different water concentrations were preferentially formed using hydrogen. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy detected only molybdenum in its +6 oxidation state in the samples grown under helium, exhibiting the same chemical composition of the source material. Molybdenum in its +6 as well as its +5 oxidation states was detected in the samples obtained under hydrogen at 600 Pa. Hydroxyl groups were identified in samples grown using both gases. The effect of the helium pressure on the growth kinetics and crystallinity of the samples is discussed according to the kinetics conditions (supersaturation, evaporation, cooling and convection rates) driving to the formation of nanostructures in the inert-gas condensation. Finally, the effect of hydrogen on the growth of MoO3 is discussed.

Keywords: GAS CONDENSATION; MOLYBDENUM OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OXIDATION STATES; TEM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2520

Publication date: October 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
asp/jnn/2010/00000010/00000010/art00064
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more