Controlled Release of Tetracycline–HCl from Halloysite–Polymer Composite Films
Abstract:The first direct comparison between two common methods for loading halloysite with a small molecule for controlled release is presented. While the methods differ in the degree of simplicity, they provide essentially the same level of loading and release kinetics. A tentative explanation of the "burst" effect often seen in the release of low molecular weight molecules from halloysite is provided. The ability of halloysite to mediate the release rate of a water soluble drug, tetracycline, from solution cast polyvinyl alcohol and polymethyl methacrylate films was evaluated. In some films, montmorillonite was also incorporated. The addition of montmorillonite to solutions used to cast tetracycline containing films significantly reduced the release rate from the dried films. The same overall effect was seen when the drug was loaded into halloysite prior to preparation of the films. In both cases, the release was best fit with the simple Higuchi model. However, when montmorillonite was added to solutions of polyvinyl alcohol and drug loaded halloysite the release profiles were better fit by the Ritgar-Peppas model for anomalous transport. Release from polymethyl methacrylate was reduced by a factor of three by incorporating the drug in halloysite prior to producing the films.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2010
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