Modeling and In-Situ Observation of Mechanical Resonances in Single, Vertically-Oriented Carbon Nanofibers
In this paper, we have analyzed mechanical resonances in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) based on single, vertically-oriented tubes for their potential application in high-frequency, high-Q, miniaturized resonators. The nano-electro-mechanical (NEM) resonators were modeled using a commercially available finite-element-simulator, where the electro-mechanical coupling of the CNT to an incoming AC signal on a probe in close proximity was examined. The modeling results confirmed that the mechanical resonance was maximized when the frequency of the input signal was equal to the first order harmonic of the CNT. An investigation of the resonance frequency was also performed for various geometrical parameters of our unique three-dimensional (3D) NEMS architecture. Finally, in-situ observations of mechanical resonance in single, vertically oriented tubes is also reported, where such measurements were conducted inside a scanning-electron-microscope. This work suggests that our vertically oriented tubes are potentially well-suited for resonator applications, such as filter banks in communication systems or for mass sensing applications.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 October 2010
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