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Modeling and In-Situ Observation of Mechanical Resonances in Single, Vertically-Oriented Carbon Nanofibers

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In this paper, we have analyzed mechanical resonances in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) based on single, vertically-oriented tubes for their potential application in high-frequency, high-Q, miniaturized resonators. The nano-electro-mechanical (NEM) resonators were modeled using a commercially available finite-element-simulator, where the electro-mechanical coupling of the CNT to an incoming AC signal on a probe in close proximity was examined. The modeling results confirmed that the mechanical resonance was maximized when the frequency of the input signal was equal to the first order harmonic of the CNT. An investigation of the resonance frequency was also performed for various geometrical parameters of our unique three-dimensional (3D) NEMS architecture. Finally, in-situ observations of mechanical resonance in single, vertically oriented tubes is also reported, where such measurements were conducted inside a scanning-electron-microscope. This work suggests that our vertically oriented tubes are potentially well-suited for resonator applications, such as filter banks in communication systems or for mass sensing applications.
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Keywords: 3D ELECTRONICS; CARBON NANOSTRUCTURES; MECHANICAL RESONATORS; NANO-ELECTRO-MECHANICAL-SYSTEMS (NEMS); NANOELECTRONICS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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