Chemical Reactions and Applications of the Reductive Surface of Porous Silicon
The chemical reactivity of freshly prepared porous silicon is similar to that of a reducing agent on the surface of the nanocrystallites. Ag+ spontaneously reduces to form Ag0 granular coatings on the surface of porous silicon at the expense of the oxidation of silicon hydride and silicon. Atomic Force Microscopy shows that the thickness and topography of the Ag0 coating depend on the concentration of Ag+ with the porous silicon surface being the limiting reagent. In-situ Raman Spectroscopy shows an Ag layer on the silicon and Si:O layer immediately after etching and exposure to Ag+ and O2 respectively. Ag0 coated on the surface and in the pores of the porous silicon proves to be an excellent material for Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and the natural low electron affinity on the surface of porous silicon replaces the need for a negative bias to prepare very stable diamond coatings on the surface of silicon.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-10-01
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