Fabrication of Microneedles Using Two Photon Polymerization for Transdermal Delivery of Nanomaterials
Abstract:Microneedle devices for transdermal delivery of nanoscale pharmacologic agents were fabricated out of organically-modified ceramic (Ormocer®) materials using two photon polymerization. Out-of-plane hollow microneedle arrays with various aspect ratios were fabricated using this rapid prototyping process. Human epidermal keratinocyte (HEK) viability on Ormocer® surfaces fabricated using two photon polymerization was similar to that on control surfaces. Nanoindentation studies were performed to determine hardness and Young's modulus values for Ormocer® materials. Microneedles were shown to enable more rapid distribution of the PEG-amine quantum dot solution to the deep epidermis and dermis layers of porcine skin than topical administration. Our results suggest that two photon polymerization may be used to create microneedle arrays for transdermal delivery of nanoscale pharmacologic agents.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-10-01
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- Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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