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Pore Size Prediction of Polyethersulfone Ultrafiltration Membranes Using Artificial Neural Networks

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Abstract:

This paper reports the performance of two different artificial neural networks (ANN), Multi Layer Perceptron (MLP) and Radial Basis Function (RBF) compared to conventional software for prediction of the pore size of the asymmetric polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration membranes. ANN has advantages such as incredible approximation, generalization and good learning ability. The MLP are well suited for multiple inputs and multiple outputs while RBF are powerful techniques for interpolation in multidimensional space. Three experimental data sets were used to train the ANN using polyethylene glycol (PEG) of different molecular weights as additives namely as PEG 200, PEG 400 and PEG 600. The values of the pore size can be determined manually from the graph and solve it using mathematical equation. However, the mathematical solution used to determine the pore size and pore size distribution involve complicated equations and tedious. Thus, in this study, MLP and RBF are applied as an alternative method to estimate the pore size of polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration membranes. The raw data needed for the training are solute separation and solute diameter. Values of solute separation were obtained from the ultrafiltration experiments and solute diameters ware calculated using mathematical equation. With the development of this ANN model, the process to estimate membrane pore size could be made easier and faster compared to mathematical solutions.

Keywords: ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK; MULTI LEVEL PERCEPTRON; PORE SIZE PREDICTION; RADIAL BASIS FUNCTION; ULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2561

Publication date: 2010-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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