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The Effect of Composition and Structural Ordering on the Magnetism of FePt Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

Spherical 4 nm FePt nanoparticles were synthesized by the simultaneous decomposition of Fe(CO)5 and the polyol reduction of Pt(acac)2. The final Fe-to-Pt composition was tuned between 15–55 at.% by varying the ingredient precursor ratios. The effect of composition and structural ordering on the macroscopic magnetic features of final FePt nanoparticles was examined via post-synthetic annealing stages at different conditions. Structural ordering is promoted in all cases, though samples approximating equiatomic Fe/Pt ratios eventually transform to fct-FePt phase while the FePt3-phase is favored for the Pt-richer samples. Consequently, the magnetic features of the annealed nanoparticles may be categorized; the hard magnetic FePt region dominating for Fe content between 40–55 at.% and the soft magnetic FePt3 region dominating in the region 20–30 at.% while Fe content less than 20 at.% results in Pt-richer phases with diminishing ferromagnetic behavior.

Keywords: FEPT; FEPT3; HARD MAGNETIC PHASES; IRON; NANOPARTICLES; PLATINUM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2588

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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