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Layered Double Hydroxide as Nanofiller in the Development of Polyurethane Nanocomposites

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Abstract:

Polyurethane (PU)/Dodecyl sulphate intercalated layered double hydroxide (DS-LDH) nanocomposites were successfully synthesized from PU prepolymer and polyol TG (mixtures of glycerol and trimethylolpropane) for the first time. Formation of partially exfoliated structures of PU/DS-LDH nanocomposites was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analysis of tensile properties showed significant improvements in tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (EB) of about 407% and 83% for PU/DS-LDH (3 wt%) nanocomposite. The observed excellent concurrent improvement in TS and EB is attributed to the relatively better reinforcing effect of partially exfoliated DS-LDH layers in PU making the present investigation most noteworthy. In addition, gradual improvement in thermal stability and limiting oxygen index (LOI) with increasing DS-LDH loading makes these nanocomposites versatile and hence suitable for many critical applications.

Keywords: LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; NANOCOMPOSITES; POLYURETHANE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2455

Publication date: 2010-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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