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Improved Route for the Synthesis of Colloidal NaYF4 Nanocrystals and Electron Spin Resonance of Gd3+ Local Probe

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This paper presents the synthesis and characterization of colloidal NaYF4 and NaYF4:20% Gd lanthanide nanocrystals. The nanoparticles were prepared by chemical route using co-thermolysis of Na(CF3COO), Y(CF3COO)3 and Gd(CF3COO)3 precursor in oleylamine surfactant/phenylether at Ts = 250 °C. By tuning the precursor/surfactant molar ratio during the process, it was possible to control the crystalline phase, chemical order and size of the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy, Small Angle X-ray Scattering, powder X-ray Diffraction, dc-magnetization and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) techniques. The ESR experiments show the so called U-spectrum for the Gd3+ ions in bulk counterpart materials, where characteristic powder spectra of cubic and lower crystal field symmetries were observed.
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Keywords: COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DOPED LAF3 NANOPARTICLES; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; FLUORIDE NANOCRYSTALS; LUMINESCENT PROPERTIES; SINGLE-SOURCE PRECURSOR; SIZE CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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