Improved Route for the Synthesis of Colloidal NaYF4 Nanocrystals and Electron Spin Resonance of Gd3+ Local Probe
Abstract:This paper presents the synthesis and characterization of colloidal NaYF4 and NaYF4:20% Gd lanthanide nanocrystals. The nanoparticles were prepared by chemical route using co-thermolysis of Na(CF3COO), Y(CF3COO)3 and Gd(CF3COO)3 precursor in oleylamine surfactant/phenylether at Ts = 250 °C. By tuning the precursor/surfactant molar ratio during the process, it was possible to control the crystalline phase, chemical order and size of the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy, Small Angle X-ray Scattering, powder X-ray Diffraction, dc-magnetization and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) techniques. The ESR experiments show the so called U-spectrum for the Gd3+ ions in bulk counterpart materials, where characteristic powder spectra of cubic and lower crystal field symmetries were observed.
Keywords: COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DOPED LAF3 NANOPARTICLES; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; FLUORIDE NANOCRYSTALS; LUMINESCENT PROPERTIES; SINGLE-SOURCE PRECURSOR; SIZE CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2010
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