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One-Step Electrochemically Deposited Gold Nanoparticles Interface Grafted with Avidin for Acetylcholinesterase Biosensor Design

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Abstract:

In this study, an interface embedded in situ gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and biotin in chitosan hydrogel was constructed by one-step electrochemical deposition in solution containing tetrachloroauric (III) acid, biotin and chitosan. This deposited interface acts as biosensing platforms and provides specific binding sites for avidin, which are further capable of attaching any biotinylated bimolecular for biosensor design. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), A.C. impedance and surface plasmon resonance were used to characterize this interface. The immobilized acetylcholinesterase (AChE), as a model, showed excellent activity to its substrate and provided a quantitative measurement of organophosphate pesticide. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the inhibition of dimethoate was proportional to its concentrations in the range of 0.05 to 15 g mL−1 with detection limit of 0.001 g mL−1. The simple method showed good fabrication reproducibility and acceptable stability, which provided a new avenue for electrochemical biosensor design.

Keywords: BIOSENSOR; BIOTIN LABELED ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE; DIMETHOATE; ELECTRODEPOSITION; GOLD NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2476

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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