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Selective Hydrogenation of Acetylene Over Egg-Shell Palladium Nano-Catalyst

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Abstract:

A novel egg-shell Pd/PHSNs nano-catalyst was prepared by a wet impregnation method using self-synthesized porous hollow silica nanoparticles (PHSNs) as support and applied in selective hydrogenation of acetylene to remove acetylene from the ethylene feed. By controlling the preparing conditions and calcining temperature, the active metal particles were loaded evenly on the support with a size about 5 nm. Compared with conventional catalysts prepared with solid silica nanoparticles, solid Al2O3 millispheres and a commercial catalyst, the Pd/PHSNs catalyst showed higher acetylene conversion rates at same reaction temperatures, and the porous hollow nano structure of PHSNs allowed smoother diffusion of ethylene molecules within the catalyst matrix so that ethylene could migrate away from the active sites in time to avoid turning into ethane, which resulted in superior ethylene selectivity at high acetylene conversion rates.

Keywords: ACETYLENE; EGG-SHELL CATALYST; POROUS HOLLOW SILICA NANOPARTICLES; SELECTIVE HYDROGENATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2472

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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