ZnO–Sn:ZnO Core–Shell Nanowires and ZnO–Zn2SnO4 Comb-Like Nanocomposites
Abstract:Novel single-crystalline ZnO–Sn:ZnO (SZO) core–shell nanowires and ZnO–Zn2SnO4 (ZTO) comblike nanocomposites were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition at a low temperature of 650 °C. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy show the diameters and lengths of the core–shell nanowires are in ranges of 25∼60 nm and 300∼500 nm, respectively. The atomic ratios of Sn to (Zn+Sn) in the central and shell parts of the nanowire are 0.4 at.% and 6.1 at.%, respectively. The ZnO–ZTO comb-like nanocomposites possess ZnO nanocombs with ZTO nano-layers deposited on both sides of them. The ZnO branches and ZTO layers are single-crystalline wurtzite and spinel structures growing along the  and  directions, respectively. Room-temperature cathodoluminescence measurements show the nanocomposites exhibit strong ultraviolet (UV) emissions at 300, 384 nm, and a broad green emission. The novel luminescence shows promising singularity for opto-electronic applications.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-09-01
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