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Magnetic Properties of Encapsulated Nanoparticles in Nitrogen-Doped Multiwalled Cabon Nanotubes Embedded in SiOx Matrices

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Abstract:

We report the production, characterization, thermal transformations (400–1000 °C), and magnetic properties of nanoparticles encapsulated in nitrogen-doped multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNx-MWNT), which were embedded in silicon oxide (SiONx) matrices via sol–gel techniques. The vapor chemical deposition (CVD) method with ferrocene-benzelamine mixtures was used to synthesize Fe and Fe3C nanoparticles inside CNx-MWNTs. Composites consisting of CNx-MWNTs (filler) and SiONx (matrix) were fabricated and thermally treated to different temperatures and exposure times (t). All samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), thermogravimetic analysis (TGA), and magnetometry (vibrating sample). We found that upon thermal treatment, the ferromagnetic nanoparticles modify their morphology, composition and aspect ratio, thus resulting in drastic changes in the magnetic and structural properties. In particular, as produced encapsulated nanoparticles mainly consisting of Fe and Fe3C phases were thermally modified into magnetite (Fe3O4. We have also observed that the hysteresis loops are very sensitive to the thermal treatment of the sample. Thus we can control the magnetic properties of the samples using thermal treatments.

Keywords: CARBON; ENCAPSULATION; FERROMAGNETISM; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; NITROGEN; SIOX

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.3082

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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