Magnetic Properties of Encapsulated Nanoparticles in Nitrogen-Doped Multiwalled Cabon Nanotubes Embedded in SiOx Matrices
Abstract:We report the production, characterization, thermal transformations (400–1000 °C), and magnetic properties of nanoparticles encapsulated in nitrogen-doped multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNx-MWNT), which were embedded in silicon oxide (SiONx) matrices via sol–gel techniques. The vapor chemical deposition (CVD) method with ferrocene-benzelamine mixtures was used to synthesize Fe and Fe3C nanoparticles inside CNx-MWNTs. Composites consisting of CNx-MWNTs (filler) and SiONx (matrix) were fabricated and thermally treated to different temperatures and exposure times (t). All samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), thermogravimetic analysis (TGA), and magnetometry (vibrating sample). We found that upon thermal treatment, the ferromagnetic nanoparticles modify their morphology, composition and aspect ratio, thus resulting in drastic changes in the magnetic and structural properties. In particular, as produced encapsulated nanoparticles mainly consisting of Fe and Fe3C phases were thermally modified into magnetite (Fe3O4. We have also observed that the hysteresis loops are very sensitive to the thermal treatment of the sample. Thus we can control the magnetic properties of the samples using thermal treatments.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2010
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