Skip to main content

Polymeric Micelles Comprising Stearic Acid-Grafted Polyethyleneimine as Nonviral Gene Carriers

Buy Article:

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Non-viral vectors composed of biodegradable polymers or lipids have been considered as a safer alternative for gene carriers over viral vectors. Among some of the cationic polymers, polyethyleneimine (PEI) possess high pH-buffering capacity that can provide protection to nucleotides from acidic degradation and promotes endosomal and lysosomal release. However, it has been reported that cytotoxicity of PEI depends on the molecular weight of the polymer. Hence modifications of PEI structure for clinical application have been developed in order to reduce the cytotoxicity, or improve the insufficient transfection efficiency of lower molecular weight PEI. In this study, 10 k PEI was modified by grafting stearic acid (SA) and formulated to polymer micelles with positive surface charge and evaluated for pDNA delivery. The amine group on PEI was crosslinked with the carboxylic group of stearic acid by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylamino-propyl) carbodiimide (EDC) as linker. PEI-SA micelles were then prepared using oil in water (o/w) solvent evaporation method. The success of PEI-SA conjugation structure was confirmed with 1H NMR. The average diameter and zeta potential determined by photon correlation spectroscopy was 149.6 ± 1.2 nm and 64.1 ± 1.5 mV, respectively. These self-assemble positive charge micelles showed effective binding to pDNA for transfection. PEI-SA micelles exhibited lower cytotoxicity compared to that of PEI only, while flow cytometry analysis revealed PEI-SA/pEGFP complex provided 62% high EGFP expression. Luciferase activity also showed high transfection efficiency of PEI-SA micelles for weight ratio above 4.5 that was comparable to PEI only. These results demonstrated that stearic acid grafted PEI micelles can provide high transfection efficiency comparable to unmodified PEI, and exhibit low cytotoxicity. Stearic acid grafted PEI micelles can be promising polymer carriers in genetic therapy.

Keywords: GENE THERAPY; MICELLE; NONVIRAL GENE CARRIER; POLYETHYLENEIMINE (PEI)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2454

Publication date: 2010-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more