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Synthesis and Magnetic Characterizations of La1−xSrxMnO3 Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

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Abstract:

The La1−xSrxMnO3 (LSMO) nanoparticles have been synthesized by citric gel process followed by ball milling method. These nanoparticles demonstrated high crystalline quality. Nanoparticle size was further decreased by ball milling technique as observed by the field-emission scanning electron microscopic studies. The ball milled and silica coated LSMO nanoparticles show magnetic transition at about 370 K with a superparamagnetic properties. The ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectra analysis of LSMO nanoparticles shows large FMR linewidth due to the surface strain of the nanoparticles. Both magnetization and FMR studies demonstrate that the LSMO nanoparticles are highly anisotropic. The toxicity of the nanoparticles was studied for safe biomedical applications. Measurement of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and MTT assay results show that LSMO nanoparticles are relatively nontoxic and the toxicity is further reduced by SiO2 coating. These results are very important for applications in the field of biotechnology.

Keywords: CYTOTOXICITY; FERROMAGNETIC RESONANCE; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANITE NANOPARTICLE; SUPERPARAMAGNETIC

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2437

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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