High-Quality Thin-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized by Fe-Mo/MgO Catalyst Based on a Sol–Gel Technique: Synthesis, Characterization, and Field Emission
We synthesized thin-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (t-MWCNTs) using Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst by citrate precursor method based on a simple sol–gel technique. Synthesis of high-quality t-MWCNTs with uniform diameters was achieved in large-scale by catalytic decomposition of methane over Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst prepared under Ar-atmosphere. The produced t-MWCNTs had the outer diameters in the range of 4–8 nm, with a Gaussian average diameter of 6.6±0.1 nm and wall numbers in the range of of 4–7 graphenes. The product yield of the as-synthesized t-MWCNTs was over 450% relative to the used Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst, and TGA showed purity about 85%. The t-MWCNTs showed the low turn-on field about 1.24 V/m, corresponding to the current density of 0.1 A/cm2, and the high emission current density of 10 mA/cm2 at the applied electric field of 2.6 V/m. The t-MWCNTs indicate good emission stability without any fluctuation of emission current through a lifetime measurement for 20 h. It was confirmed that the field emission performance of t-MWCNTs was similar to DWCNTs and the field emission stability of t-MWCNTs was similar to MWCNTs.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-06-01
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